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2012 574 26.222 + 28.680 78 -

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ISBN 978-5-9566-0345- , -- . , (WWF) . . , . , , , , .

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: 10-06-00060; VIII.76.3.5 ; , , 23, Whitley Fund for Nature, Global Greengrants Fund.

26.222 + 28. ISBN 978-5-9566-0345-1 , , WWF , , UNECE Convention of the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation State Nature Biosphere Reserve Daursky

TO 25-TH ANNIVERSARY OF DAURSKY RESERVE

ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE

CHANGE IN THE RIVER BASINS OF DAURIA:

ECOLOGY AND WATER MANAGEMENT

Collection of scientific papers of Daursky Biosphere Reserve

EXPRESS PUBLISHING HOUSE

Dr. of Geography O. I. Bazhenova, Institute of Geography of SB of RAS; Dr. of Geography A.A. Tishkov, Institute of Geography of RAS; PhD of Biological Science A. A. Lushchekina, A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS; PhD of Geographical Science P. V. Novorotsky, Institute of Water

EDITORIAL BOARD:

ISBN 978-5-9566-0345- Group of authors, State Nature Biosphere Reserve Daursky, WWF Russia, River without boundaries Coalition, Chita: Express Publishing House, 2012.

This collection includes the rst results of implementing the complex program Inuence of climate changes on the ecosystems of Dauria ecoregion and nature-protecting adaptations to them, which is being realized on the basis of the Dauria international protected area. An important part of the program is the project Dauria Going Dry initiated by the Daursky biosphere reserve and WWF Russia under the Convention on transboundary waters of the UN Economic commission for Europe. The program and the project have been also supported by Ramsar Convention and the Russian Committee of MAB. An active part in realization of the project took Rivers without Boundaries Coalition, in realization of the program specialists of the Dauria international protected area. The project must facilitate solution of the key problem preventing degradation of the natural ecosystems in Dauria and preserving globally endangered species under conditions of intensied economic development and periodic water decit in the region caused by climatic cycles.



In the course of the programs realization regular publication of collections (or bulletins) is planned with scientic information about the results of the work. In this issue the rst of the planned ones there is information about the program itself, the transboundary monitoring network elaborated within the program, and also analytical material acquired in the reserves own research and by the partners about functioning of the natural ecosystems, their natural dynamics, and about the inuence of anthropogenic activity on natural processes.

Some of the works presented in the collection are fullled with the support of the following projects:

10-06-00060; VIII.76.3.5 fundamental research SB RAS; partnership integrational project SB RAS, URB RAS, FEB RAS 23, Whitley Fund for Nature, Global Greengrants Fund.

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. Adaptation to climate change in river basins of Dauria:

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1. Dauria as ecoregion O. Kirilyuk, T. Tkachuk

CHAPTER 2. The program of research and nature conservation, The impact of climate change on ecosystems of Dauria ecoregion and environmental adaptations to them V. Kirilyuk, E. Simonov, O. Goroshko

CHAPTER 3. Climate change and the hydrological regime of rivers and lakes in the Dauria ecoregion V. Obyazov

CHAPTER 4. The inuence of climate change on habitats and biota in the Dauria V. Kirilyuk, T. Tkachuk, O. Kirilyuk

CHAPTER 5. Transboundary ecological monitoring network in Dauria (TEMN) O. Goroshko, T. Tkachuk

CHAPTER 6. Development of the protected areas network in the region taking into account the current landuse problems O. Kirilyuk

CHAPTER 7. Water-management and climate adaptation in Dauria E. Simonov, E. Egidarev

7.1 Problem denition

7.2. Risks and opportunities of water infrastructure development in Argun....... 7.3. Examples and impact assessment of large water-related projects and sectors

7.3.1. Hailaer-Dalai Canal, China

7.3.2. Herlen-Gobi Water Transfer, Mongolia

7.3.3. Shilka river hydropower, Russia

7.3.4. Placer Gold Mining in Dauria

7.3.5. Embankments on transboundary watercourse, Argun

7.4. Possible policy and technical solutions in transboundary context.............. ATTACHMENT. Major conventions and other international agreements and instruments for environmental protection, operating N. Kochneva

BRIEF INFORMATION ABOUT AUTHORS

SUMMARY IN ENGLISH. Adaptation to climate change in river basins of Dauria:

E. Simonov, O. Kirilyuk

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