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Helsinki University Translation Studies Monographs 3 Helsinki 2007 Helsinki University Translation Studies ...

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Helsinki University Translation Studies

Monographs 3

Helsinki 2007

Helsinki University Translation Studies Monographs 3

Vol. 3. Igor Kudashev

Proektirovanie perevodeskih slovarej special'noj leksiki

( = Designing LSP Dictionaries for Translators) Supervisors:

Professor Inkeri Vehmas-Lehto, University of Helsinki Professor Aleksandr Sergeevich Gerd, Saint-Petersburg State University Examiners:

Professor Vladimir Moiseevich Leitchik, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute Dr. Dr. h.c. Harry Walter, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald Orders:

University of Helsinki Department of Translation Studies P.O. Box 94 (Paraatikentt 7), FIN-45101 Kouvola Tel. +358 5 Fax +358 5 825 2251, http://www.rosetta.helsinki.fi Igor Kudashev ISSN 1459- ISBN 978-952-10-4036-8 (paperback) ISBN 978-952-10-4037-5 (PDF) Cover picture: Vsevolod Kudashev, Igor Kudashev

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Abstract The methodology of designing normative terminological products has been described in several guides and international standards. However, this methodology is not always applicable to designing translation-oriented terminological products which differ greatly from normative ones in terms of volume, function, and primary target group.

This dissertation has three main goals. The first is to revise and enrich the stock of concepts and terms required in the process of designing an LSP dictionary for translators. The second is to detect, classify, and describe the factors which determine the characteristics of an LSP dictionary for translators and affect the process of its compilation. The third goal is to provide recommendations on different aspects of dictionary design. The study is based on an analysis of dictionaries, dictionary reviews, literature on translation-oriented lexicography, material from several dictionary projects, and the results of questionnaires.

Thorough analysis of the concept of a dictionary helped us to compile a list of designable characteristics of a dictionary. These characteristics include target group, function, links to other resources, data carrier, list of lemmata, information about the lemmata, composition of other parts of the dictionary, compression of the data, structure of the data, and access structure.

The factors which determine the characteristics of a dictionary have been divided into those derived from the needs of the intended users and those reflecting the restrictions of the real world (e.g.

characteristics of the data carrier and organizational factors) and attitudes (e.g. traditions and scientific paradigms). The designer of a dictionary is recommended to take the intended users' needs as the starting point and aim at finding the best compromise between the conflicting factors.

When designing an LSP dictionary, much depends on the level of knowledge of the intended users about the domain in question as well as their general linguistic competence, LSP competence, and lexicographic competence. This dissertation discusses the needs of LSP translators and the role of the dictionary in the process of translation of an LSP text. It also emphasizes the importance of planning lexicographic products and activities, and addresses many practical aspects of dictionary design.

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