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Speider, G. Aufsatze zur Ferstlichen Betriesbswirtschaftslehre 19491985 [Text] / J. Speider // Schriften des Institututs fur Forsteinrichtung und Forstliche Betriebswirtschaft Baund 1, Herausgeben von J. Oesten. Freiburg, 1994. P. 922.

Speider, G. Forstliche Betriebswirtschaftslehre [Text] / G. Speider.

Hamburg ; Berlin : Paul Parey, 1967.

Speider, G. bergang zur Forstwirtschaft der 80er Jahre aus der Sicht der Forestpolitik [Text] / G. Speider // AFZ. 1974. 1/2.

Szwichtenberg, A. Model wypoczynsku a pojemno turystyczna [Text] / A. Szwichtenberg // Prz. geogr. 1978. V. 50. 4.

S. 661671.

Wolak, J. Zagadnienia turystycznego zagospodarowania lasw w programie UNESCO Czlowiek I rodowisco [Text] / J. Wolak // Las pol. 1975. Pt. 49. 3. P. 11.

Wolf, R. Verschiedene Verfahren zur Beurteilung der Erholungseignung von Landschaften und ihre Bedeutung fr die Orts-, Regional- und Landes-plannung [Text] / R. Wolf // Stuttgart.

geogr. Stud. 1976. Bd. 90. S. 115140.

Yapp, G. Uses of land for recreation [Text] / G. Yapp // Nat. Parks J. 1977. Pt. 21. 2. P. 1718.

Young, R. A. Camping intensity effects on vegetative ground cover in Illinois campgrounds [Text] / R. A. Young // J. Soil and Water Conserv. 1978. Pt. 33. 1. P. 3639.

Zundel, R. Forstliche Rahmenplannung und Waldfunktionskartierung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland [Text] / R. Zundel // Allgem. Forstztg. 1977. Bd. 88. 9. S. 241242.

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION...

CHAPTER 1. METHODOLOGICAL BASES FOR RECREATIONAL FOREST USE.

1.1. GENERAL CONCEPTS CONCERNING RECREATIONAL

FOREST USE The essentials of the recreational forest use.

Subjects and objects of recreational forest use.

Interaction between the forest and recreation.

1.2. TOURISM ROUTE RECREATION..

CHAPTER 2. EXPERIENCE OF RECREATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF

FORESTS IN THE 1960 1970S...

2.1. RECREATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF FORESTS IN SOME COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD..

The United States of America.

Great Britain and Ireland The Federal Republic of Germany...

Czechoslovakia The Soviet Union 2.2. CLASSIFICATION CHART OF RECREATIONAL FORESTS. Recreational forests proper.

Recreational forests in national and natural parks and landscape reserves..

Suburban forests.

Protected forests (zakazniki) and reserves.

2.3. THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL APPROACHES TO FOREST

RECREATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Ecological and recreational capacity Recreational digressions.

Experimental research.

Complex approach to recreation..

CHAPTER 3. ECOLOGICAL TOURISM AS PERSPECTIVE FORM OF

FOREST RECREATION.

3.1. ECOLOGICAL TOURISM IN SOME COUNTRIES Ecological tourism in Russia..

Developing countries..

The United States of America.

China 3.2. RECREATION AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT... Influence of recreation on the components of natural environment Recreation in specially protected natural territories..

Tourism in national parks.

Definition of ecological tourism (ecotourism) Ecotourism in reserves Features of ecotourism in China.

CHAPTER 4. CONCEPTUAL BASES OF FOREST RECREATIONAL

DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOMI.

4.1. FORMS AND SOCIAL FUNCTIONS OF RECREATIONAL FOREST

USE.

Recreational requirements of the population...

Recreational potential of the region.

Recreational facilities of the Republic of Komi

4.2. PROBLEMS AND PRINCIPLES OF FOREST RECREATION

Basic lines of recreation development in the Republic of Komi Ecological restrictions for the development of recreational sphere..

4.3. THE MAIN ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS, THEIR LOCATION AND

TERRITORIAL DISTRIBUTION.

CHAPTER 5. NATURAL LANDSCAPE PROTECTION STRATEGY IN THE

REPUBLIC OF KOMI 5.1. GEO-ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 5.3. SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES Revealing specially protected natural territories in the republic.

Problems of the further expansion of the network of specially protected natural territories National parks National park Yugyd Va: problems of its development.

Regional parks 5.4. TOWN-PLANNING SKELETON AND RECREATIONAL SYSTEMS.

5.5. ENVIRONMENTAL SKELETON AND ECOLOGIC-ECONOMIC PROBING 5.6. DIVISION INTO RECREATIONAL DISTRICTS Concept of division into recreational districts Recreational cadastre and recreational areas of Komi..

5.7. COMPLEX DEVELOPMENT OF RECREATIONAL RESOURCES..

5.8. REGULATION OF FOREST USE IN RECREATIONAL

ECOSYSTEMS..

CHAPTER 6. MANAGEMENT OF THE RECREATIONAL SPHERE

6.1. MAIN PRINCIPLES OF RECREATIONAL MANAGEMENT.

6.2. CLUSTER APPROACH AS TECHNOLOGY OF MANAGEMENT OF

THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOREST RECREATION

SPHERE..

Cluster concept..

Cluster approach to the development of the economy of the republic of Komi Classification of the clusters of the Republic of Komi.

Recreational clusters..

The importance of the cluster approach for the economy of

6.3. FORMATION OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL-ECONOMIC

MECHANISM OF MANAGEMENT IN THE ECOSYSTEMS OF

RECREATIONAL FORESTS.

Development of the market for ecotourism services in the Republic of Komi Ecologic-economic system of forests in conditions of recreation Economic mechanism of the recreational process 6.4. THE SYSTEM APPROACH TO THE MANAGEMENT OF RECREATIONAL FOREST USE (RFU).. RFU as a system.

Ties of the RFU system with the environment Structure of RFU system Social-ecological links within the RFU system..

RFU as a closed cycle.

Choice of efficiency parameters for the RFU..

6.5. THE ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION OF THE PARK LESHOZ.. Theoretical substantiations of the effective organization of the activities in forestry in park leshoz Management of the financial results of park leshozes projects

6.6. SELF-ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE SYSTEM IN

THE RECREATIONAL FOREST USE.

Concept of selforganization Self-organizing in park RFU. Synergetics.

Mathematical form in RFU duality Dynamic balance in the RFU system.

Some methodological approaches to the calculation of RFU

6.7. LOGISTIC PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT IN THE INDUSTRIAL

AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNICATION IN RECREATIONAL FOREST

USE

6.8. USE OF NEW MARKETING TECHNOLOGIES IN RECREATIONAL

FOREST USE 6.9. EFFICIENCY OF RECREATIONAL SERVICES

CHAPTER 7. FINANCIAL MAINTENANCE OF RECREATIONAL

ACTIVITIES.

7.1. FINANCING RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES 7.2. THE FINANCIAL MECHANISM OF MANAGEMENT IN THE RECREATIONAL FOREST USE..

CONCLUSION...

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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